|Venus of Willendorf. Source: Wikipedia|
These figurines. found in France, Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Switzerland, Siberia, Spain, and Czech Republic, accurately depict central abdominal obesity with its associated anatomical alterations.
For example, the Venus of Willendorf, above, depicts the knock-kneed posture common among very obese women.
This probably means that Upper Paleolithic Europeans had some grossly obese women among them, who provided models for these figurines. Otherwise, the sculptors couldn't have depicted great obesity with this degree of anatomical accuracy.
They didn't eat grain-based diets, and they didn't have refined grains, high fructose corn syrup, refined sugar, or omega-6 rich seed oils. Thus, we couldn't blame it on so-called neolithic agents of disease, could we?
According to the Pleistocene Overkill hypothesis, during this time that, possibly, humans in Eurasia were intensively killing the very large, fat wild game animals, like mammoths, rhinos, and enormous elk, possibly contributing to the Quarternary Extinctions.
In fact, these figurines date to the same period from which we have human bones on which we have performed isotopic studies indicating that European hunters ate diets similar to top predators like wolves:
"There have only been two studies of Palaeolithic modern humans, Homo sapiens sapiens. A study of the isotope values of humans from the late Upper Palaeolithic (ca 13 000 years old) site of Gough's and Sun Hole Cave in Southern England (Richards et al, 2000a) indicated, again by the 15N values, that the main source of dietary protein was animal-based, and most likely herbivore flesh."
This means that their diet consisted largely of animal protein and fat.
But according to some, you can't get fat eating animal protein and fat. You just can't overeat animal protein and fat, right? According to the insulin theory of obesity, you can't get central abdominal obesity except from a diet consisting of toxic neolithic carbohydrates, right?
You can eat grass-fed, saturated animal fats until you are blue in the face, it just can't make you fat, because you'll get sick before you overconsume calories, and anyways, it just doesn't affect your insulin function...right?
In relation to the theory that neolithic nutrition causes obesity, it seems to me that the Venus figurines present an anomoly, suggesting that perhaps the Upper Paleolithic European woman, at least, was not optimally adapted to the prevalent diet.
Wait. What hominin species inhabited the Upper Paleolithic? Homo sapiens sapiens. Just like us.
It reminds me of the film, My Big Fat Diet. Jay Wortman, M.D., goes to British Columbia and teaches the natives to eat a high fat, low carbohydrate diet, with plenty of saturated fats. Some of the men lose some fat, and diabetes symptoms do resolve. But over a year of adherence to the big fat diet, some of the women who could benefit by losing 30 pounds or so, lose only 10-15 pounds. In a year. A mere pound per month. Then stall. Not. Very. Successful.